Periodontics is a special subcategory of dentistry that focuses on the structures that support a person’s teeth, most notably their gums and mouth bones. Today, millions of people are affected by periodontitis, a condition more commonly known as gum disease.
Gum disease occurs when a person’s gums become irritated due to heavy exposure to toxins that are present in plaque. When this happens, the gums will begin to pull away from the teeth, resulting in empty spaces known as periodontal pockets. These pockets can quickly become filled with large amounts of harmful bacteria and plaque. This allows the condition to spread more easily throughout the entire mouth. If gum disease reaches the jawbone and the connective tissues of teeth, it can quickly result in more serious problems, such as tooth loss and jawbone deterioration.
Due to the seriousness of gum disease, our experts strongly advise patients to seek out treatment for the condition as early as possible. Our professional treatment methods are designed to treat and often reverse the damage caused by gum disease, while also restoring the appearance and function of a person’s oral structures. After treatment, you will enjoy healthier teeth and gums so that you can get back on the right track for outstanding oral health.
Gum Graft Surgery
Over time, a person suffering from gum disease will have their gums begin to pull away from their teeth. This can result in a receding gum line, which causes an unsightly appearance. Additionally, a receding gum line can also expose tooth roots, making a dangerous infection very possible. Many patients receive gum graft surgeries as a way of addressing this problem. These procedures involve harvesting oral tissue from another area of the mouth in order to cover up the exposed roots and restore the appearance of a person’s gums. This helps to prevent infections and provides a more pleasing-looking gum line.
In severe instances of gum disease, it may be necessary to cut into a person’s gum line so that heavily accumulated tartar and plaque can be fully removed. This is done through a surgical procedure that is commonly referred to as gum surgery. By conducting a gum surgery, our experts are able to provide a patient with an even deeper cleaning than what can be provided with most other types of periodontal treatments. In addition to cleaning deep below the gum line, a gum surgery also generally involves removing any excess gum tissue and using a gum graft to cover up any exposed tooth roots.
Periodontal laser treatments use a specialized dental laser to access and remove any swollen gum tissue that is present around the root of a tooth. Once the inflamed tissue has been taken out, excess plaque is scraped away, and future infections are prevented by smoothing out any rough spots on the root surfaces. As the healing process occurs, the patient’s gum line will start to regenerate, and the gums will eventually reattach themselves to the teeth. Laser procedures are often a preferred method of periodontal treatment for many patients since they typically feature less pain and quicker recovery times than other procedures.
Pocket Reduction Procedures
One of the most important parts of treating gum disease is eliminating the periodontal pockets that commonly become prime locations for harmful bacteria and plaque. Pocket reduction procedures work to remove the unwanted build-ups from these areas and encourage healing. Often, an antimicrobial liquid is applied to the pockets as a way of preventing future bacterial infections so that the gums can heal properly. After treatment, the size of a patient’s periodontal pockets should be significantly lessened, and healing should follow quickly thereafter.
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling and root planing are incredibly effective methods for treating gum disease. These treatments are designed to remove any heavy buildups of plaque, tartar, and toxins that have accumulated above and below a person’s gum line. Overall, it is an effective way to put a stop to gum disease and help the gums become fully healed.
The scaling process involves using special dental tools in order to remove plaque from the deep spaces within the mouth that cannot be normally accessed with brushing and flossing. Next, root planing is used to smooth out any rough spots that are present on the root surfaces. This is done to prevent future buildups from occurring. After receiving treatment, a patient’s gum line should begin to heal and return to normal.
When gum disease reaches a point that it has caused damage to a person’s jawbone and the connective tissues of their teeth, regenerative procedures are used to restore the health of these areas. These treatments usually involve folding back a person’s gum tissue and removing any harmful bacteria and toxins that are present. Then, artificial bone grafts and special proteins are applied to the deteriorated jawbone as a way of reducing any damage that has occurred. This process is designed to stimulate bone growth and initiate the healing process. Depending upon the severity of the damage, it may be several months before the jawbone can become fully healed.
Once gum disease spreads to a person’s jawbone, it will cause the bone to decay and deteriorate. When this occurs, bone grafting procedures are conducted in order to reverse the damage and restore the health of the jawbone. Bone grafting procedures utilize artificial bone material and special proteins to regenerate the jawbone and help to restore it to what it once was before the damage occurred. It is common for patients with jawbone deterioration to receive a bone grafting treatment before dental implants are installed so that their jawbone is able to support their new implants.
If you would like more information about any of the periodontal treatments available at Family & Cosmetic Dentistry Wellness Spa, please call us at 305-548-8712 to schedule an appointment.